ORDINANCE 2021-04, Grant County Licensing Provisions, Medical Cannabis

ORDINANCE 2021-04
An ORDINANCE CREATING LICENSING PROVISIONS FOR CANNABIS ESTABLISHMENTS WITHIN THE UNINCORPORATED AREAS OF GRANT COUNTY
Be It Ordained by the Board of County Commissioners of Grant County for the purpose of licensing cannabis establishments within the unincorporated areas of Grant County:
Article 1. PURPOSE AND INTENT
The Board of County Commissioners of Grant County enacts the following licensing ordinance in order to ensure that cannabis establishments within the unincorporated areas of the County operate in a manner which complies with state laws and regulations, protects the health, safety, and welfare of the general public, prevents potential conflicts and issues arising from ownership and employees, recognizes certain safety and security considerations, and minimizes risk of unauthorized use, or access of cannabis by the general public. 
Article 2. DEFINITIONS
Unless an alternative definition is explicitly stated in this article, this chapter utilizes the definitions for cannabis-related terms which are defined by SDCL 34-20G-1.
Cannabis (or Marijuana): all parts of any plant of the genus cannabis, whether growing or not, in its natural and unaltered state, except for drying or curing and crushing or crumbling. The term includes an altered state of marijuana absorbed into the human body. The term does not include fiber produced from the mature stalks of such plant, or oil or cake made from the seeds of such plant. The term does not include the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than three-tenths of one percent on a dry weight basis.
Cannabis Cultivation Facility: This term is defined as a legally licensed entity that acquires, possesses, cultivates, delivers, transfers, transports, supplies, or sells cannabis and related supplies to a cannabis establishment.
Cannabis Dispensary: This term is defined as a legally licensed entity that acquires, possesses, stores, delivers, transfers, transports, sells, supplies, or dispenses cannabis, cannabis products, paraphernalia, or related supplies and educational materials.
Cannabis Establishment: A cannabis cultivation facility, a cannabis testing facility, a cannabis product manufacturing facility, or a cannabis dispensary.
Cannabis Product Manufacturing Facility: This term is defined as a legally licensed entity that acquires, possesses, manufactures, delivers, transfers, transports, supplies, or sells cannabis products to a cannabis dispensary.
Cannabis Products: Any concentrated cannabis, cannabis extracts, and products that are infused with cannabis or an extract thereof, and are intended for use or consumption by humans. The term includes edible cannabis products, beverages, topical products, ointments, oils, and tinctures
Cannabis Testing Facility: This term is defined as a legally licensed entity legally authorized to analyze the safety and potency of cannabis.
Department: the South Dakota Department of Health
Article 3. LICENSE REQUIRED
(a) No cannabis establishment may be located or operate in the unincorporated area of the County without the appropriate valid and current cannabis establishment license issued by the County pursuant to this article. A violation of this provision is subject to the general penalty provision in Article 16.  Each day of the violation constitutes a separate offense.
(b) No cannabis establishment may be located or operate in the unincorporated area of the County without the appropriate valid and current cannabis establishment registration certificate issued by the Department pursuant to rules promulgated under SDCL 34-20G. A violation of this provision is subject to the general penalty provision in Article 16. Each day of the violation constitutes a separate offense.
Article 4. LICENSE APPLICATION
(a) An application for a cannabis establishment license must be made on a form provided by the County. No other application form will be considered.
(b) The applicant must submit the following:
   1. Application fee is five thousand dollars ($5,000). The County will reimburse two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500) for applicants who fail to obtain a registration certificate from the South Dakota Department of Health.
   2. An application that will include, but is not limited to, the following:
       i. The legal name of the 
       prospective cannabis 
       establishment;
       ii. The physical address of the 
       prospective cannabis 
       establishment that comports 
       with the Grant County Zoning 
       Ordinance, as well as any 
       location requirements pursuant 
       SDCL 34-20G and the 
       administrative rules promul-                            
            gated thereunder; 
       iii. The name, address, and birth 
       date of each principal officer, 
       owner, and board member of the 
       proposed cannabis 
       establishment;
       iv. Any additional information 
       requested by the County.
Article 5. ISSUANCE OF LICENSE
(a) The County will issue a license unless:
   1. The applicant has made a false statement on the application or submits false records or documentation; or
   2. Any owners, principal officer, or board member of the applicant is under the age of twenty-one (21) years; or
   3. The proposed location does not meet the applicable zoning requirements of Grant County;
   4. The proposed location does not meet all location requirements under SDCL 34-20G and the administrative rules promulgated thereunder;
   5. The license is to be used for a business prohibited by state or local law, statute, rule, ordinance, or regulation; or
   6. Any owner, principal officer, or board member of the applicant has had a cannabis establishment license revoked by the County or a registration certificate revoked by the state; or
   7. An applicant, or an owner, principal officer, or board member thereof, is overdue in payment to the County of taxes, fees, fines, or penalties assessed against or imposed upon the applicant in relation to any cannabis establishment; or
   8. The applicant will not be operating the business for which the license would be issued.
(b) In the case of an application for a cannabis dispensary license, the County will reject the application if the limit on the number of cannabis dispensaries has been reached. 
(c) The license must be posted in a conspicuous place at or near the entrance to the cannabis establishment so that it may be easily read at any time.
Article 6. COUNTY NEUTRALITY AS TO APPLICANTS
(a) Upon request from the Department as to the County’s preference of applicants, the County will neither support nor oppose any registration certificate application under consideration by the Department. Likewise, if inquiry is made by the Department, the County will abstain from endorsing any application as beneficial to the community. 
Article 7. NUMBER OF CANNABIS DISPENSARIES
(a) No more than one (1) cannabis dispensaries shall be allowed to operate in the unincorporated area of the County at any time. 
Article 8. EXPIRATION OF LICENSE AND RENEWAL
(a) Each license expires one year from the date of issuance and may be renewed only by making application as provided in Article 4. Application for renewal must be submitted at least thirty (30) days before the expiration date. The license holder must continue to meet the license requirements to be eligible for a renewal.
(b) The renewal fee is five thousand dollars ($5,000). The County will reimburse two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500) for applicants who fail to obtain a renewal of their registration certificate from the Department.
(c) Failure to renew a license in accordance with this article may result in additional fees. Upon expiration of the license, the County may order closure of the cannabis establishment.
(d) If a license holder has not operated an establishment for which it holds a license in the preceding twelve (12) months, the license will not be renewed.
Article 9. SUSPENSION
(a) A license may be suspended if the license holder or an employee or agent of the license holder:
   1. Violates or is otherwise not in compliance with any article of this ordinance.
   2. Consumes or smokes or allows any person to consume or smoke cannabis on the premises of the cannabis establishment.
    3. Knowingly dispenses or provides cannabis or cannabis products to an individual or business to whom it is unlawful to provide cannabis or cannabis products.
(b) A license may be suspended if the license holder has its Department-issued registration certificate suspended, revoked, or not renewed by the Department or if the registration certificate is expired;
(c) A license may be suspended if the license holder creates or allows to be created a public nuisance at the cannabis establishment. 
Article 10. REVOCATION
(a) A license may be revoked if the license is suspended under Article 9 and the cause for the suspension is not remedied.
(b) A license may be revoked if the license is subject to suspension under Article 9 because of a violation outlined in that Article and the license has been previously suspended in the preceding 24 months.
(c) A license is subject to revocation if a license holder or employee of a license holder:
   1. Gave false or misleading information in the material submitted during the application process;
   2. Knowingly allowed possession, use, or sale of non-cannabis-controlled substances on the premises;
   3. Operated the cannabis establishment or the business of the cannabis establishment for which a license is required under this article while the license was suspended;
   4. Repeated violations of Article 9;
  5. Operated a function of a cannabis establishment for which the license holder was not licensed (e.g., a licensed cannabis cultivation facility conducting cannabis testing functions without a cannabis testing establishment license);
   6. A license holder, or an owner, principal officer, or board member thereof, is delinquent in payment to the city, county, or state for any taxes or fees related to the cannabis establishment;
   7. A license holder, or an owner, principal officers, or board member thereof, has been convicted of, or continues to employ an employee who has been convicted of, a disqualifying felony offense as defined by SDCL 34-20G; or
   8. The license holder has its Department-issued registration certificate suspended, revoked, or not renewed or the registration certificate is expired;
   9. The license holder allows a public nuisance to continue after notice from the County.
Article 11. SUSPENSION AND REVOCATION PROCESS
(a) The license holder will receive a notice of intent to suspend or notice of intent to revoke informing the license holder of the violation and the County’s intention to suspend or revoke the license. The notice will be hand delivered to the license holder or an employee or agent of the license holder or sent by certified mail, return receipt requested to the physical address of the cannabis establishment. 
(b) If the license holder disputes the suspension or revocation, the license holder has ten (10) days from the postmark date on the notice or the date the notice was hand delivered to request a hearing before a hearing panel, which will consist of the County Commission Chairperson, Auditor, P & Z Officer and Sheriff.
(c) A suspension will be for thirty (30) days and begins ten (10) days after the postmark date on the notice or the date the notice is hand delivered unless the license holder exercises its rights to process and appeal, in which case the suspension takes effect upon the final determination of suspension.
(d) A revocation will be for one (1) year and begins ten (10) days after the postmark date on the notice or the date the notice is hand delivered unless the license holder appeals the revocation, in which case the revocation takes effect upon the final determination of revocation.
(e) The license holder who has had the license revoked may not be issued any cannabis establishment license for one year from the date the revocation became effective.
Article 12. APPEAL
An applicant or license holder who has been denied a license or renewal of a license or who has had a license suspended or revoked under this article may appeal to the Board of County Commissioners by submitting a written appeal within ten (10) days of the postmark on the notice of denial, nonrenewal, suspension, or revocation. The written appeal must be submitted to Grant County Courthouse 210 E 5th Ave., Milbank, SD 57252. The appeal will be considered by the Board of County Commissioners at a regularly scheduled meeting within one month of the receipt of the appeal.
Article 13. LICENSES NOT TRANSFERRABLE
No cannabis establishment license holder may transfer the license to any other person or entity either with or without consideration, nor may a license holder operate a cannabis establishment at any place other than the address designated in the application.
Article 14. HOURS OF OPERATION FOR DISPENSARIES
No cannabis dispensary may operate on a Sunday or between the hours of 10 p.m. and 8 a.m. Monday through Saturday.
Article 15. LIABILITY FOR VIOLATIONS
Notwithstanding anything to the contrary, for the purposes of this article, an act by an employee or agent of a cannabis establishment that constitutes grounds for suspension or revocation will be imputed to the cannabis establishment license holder for purposes of finding a violation of this article, or for purposes of license denial, suspension, or revocation, only if an officer, director or general partner or a person who managed, supervised or controlled the operation of the cannabis establishment, knowingly allowed such act to occur on the premises.
Article 16. PENALTIES
Any person who operates or causes to be operated a cannabis establishment without a valid license or in violation of this article is subject to a suit for injunction as well as prosecution for ordinance violations. Such violations are punishable by a maximum fine of five hundred dollars ($500.00). Each day a cannabis establishment so operates is a separate offense or violation.
Article 17. SEVERABILITY
The provisions of this ordinance are severable. If any provision of this ordinance or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held to be invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of this ordinance which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application.
Passed and adopted this 7th day of September, 2021.
William J. Tostenson
Chairman
ATTEST:
Karen M. Layher
Grant County Auditor
1st Reading: August 31, 2021
Hearing: August 31, 2021
2nd Reading: September 7, 2021
Adopted: September 7, 2021
Published: September 15, 2021
Effective: October 5, 2021
 

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Grant County Review

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P.O. Box 390
Milbank, SD 57252
(605) 432-4516

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